The research and practice definitions are very specific and consistent - http://mail.ny.acog.org/website/SMIPodc ... sisMgt.pdf
- full text of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Practice Bulletin - Diagnosis and Management of Preeclampsia and Eclampsiahttp://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1215/p2317.html
- full text of American Academy of Family Physicians Diagnosis and Management of Preeclampsiahttp://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1476919-overview
- emedicine summary articlehttp://www.acog.org/acog_districts/.../ ... gnancy.ppt
- a very nice power point from ACOG (may have to google ACOG preeclampsia for the correct link, it shows up third in my search)
They all define "mild" as "Blood pressure of 140 mm Hg systolic or higher or 90 mm Hg diastolic or higher that occurs after 20 weeks of gestation in a woman with previously normal blood pressure
Proteinuria, defined as urinary excretion of 0.3 g protein or higher in a 24-hour urine specimen
and "severe" asPreeclampsia is considered severe if one or more of the following criteria is present:
• Blood pressure of 160 mm Hg systolic or higher or 110 mm Hg diastolic or higher on two occasions at least 6 hours apart on bed rest
• Proteinuria of 5 g or higher in a 24-hour urine specimen or 3+ or greater on two random urine samples collected at least 4 hours apart
• Oliguria of less than 500 mL in 24 hours • Cerebral or visual disturbances • Pulmonary edema or cyanosis • Epigastric or right upper-quadrant pain
• Impaired liver function • Thrombocytopenia • Fetal growth restriction
I do wonder if one of the criteria for "severe" is changing - some of the references don't include "on bed rest" for the bp criteria - just "two readings at least six hours apart" (and note that *either* 160 *or* 110 and you meet the "severe" criteria - you don't need both), and I've seen many research articles about preeclampsia reference this study:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15684147
Women with preeclampsia had strokes at bps lower than they expected - 155-160 systolic, and less than 105 diastolic.
and this article -the second author is one of the top Experts in preeclampsia research - references that same study and says Our practice is to initiate treatment when BP is ≥150 systolic and 90 to 100 mm Hg diastolic.
I think Caryn has absorbed those numbers because she's been saying 160/100 (instead of 160/110) for "severe" for forever
So Libby, if it helps, you meet the criteria for "severe". I see what you mean by you having a higher baseline than other women, but the criteria don't take baseline into account. That might be a question for the experts as to why a higher baseline doesn't matter, feel free to submit that as a question and it might catch their eye.
I am a bit baffled by those of you who were told "before 32 weeks" automatically equals severe - maybe that's part of hospital management for your particular hospitals? I've never seen that distinction for severe vs mild in any of the research I've read, and we've had posters meet the bp and proteinuria criteria very early (20-24 weeks) yet *stay* mild and induced at 37 weeks. One poster even went against medical advice and insisted on waiting until 38 weeks because she was so stable. I have seen "before 32 weeks" as a cutoff for determining recurrence rates in subsequent pregnancies, maybe that's why they referenced 32 weeks?