PIH--Pregnancy Induced Hypertension--newly high blood pressure without proteinuria; 1 in 4 cases turn into preeclampsia.
Gestational Hypertension (see PIH)
Toxemia--an older term for preeclampsia
Preeclampsia--newly high blood pressure140/90 BP+ and 2+ proteinuria after 20 weeks gestation only; Other symptoms are important but NOT diagnostic--that is not to say they should be ignored.
Eclampsia--seizures caused by cerebral edema after preeclampsia
There are also Ephegesis Gestosis, Chronic Hypertension Superimposed with Preeclampsia, etc...
HELLP Syndrome stands for Hemolyis, Elevated Liver Enzymes, Lowered Platelets. Women can also get HEL, or ELP. They are all variations on a theme. None are any fun.
This is because these terms work best for researchers who need to be very precise about what symptoms are involved. For our purposes--just being sick is enough. The Preeclampsia Foundation is NOT only about preeclampsia--but as our mission says--"and other hypertensive disorders of pregnancy." We use preeclampsia as an "inclusive" term because it is easier--but yet--there is a lot to be confused by!
Note: Since preeclampsia is "Pre- Eclampsia" you CAN have post-partum pre-eclampsia!
Hope that helps.
Expert on Call
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