Just because a pregnancy is classed as high-risk doesn't mean that it will become medically complicated - and just because a pregnancy is classed as low-risk doesn't mean that it won't. Many of us know this firsthand; we were low-risk right up until the complications developed in our first preeclamptic pregnancy, or went into a subsequent pregnancy classified as high-risk, only to breathe a sign of relief as we delivered a full-term healthy baby.
We've all seen the list of risk factors for preeclampsia: first pregnancy, personal or family history of preeclampsia, underlying conditions like chronic hypertension or lupus or autoimmune conditions, obesity, history of infertility or prior miscarriage. Awareness of your own risk factors is key to managing them prior to and during pregnancy and might lower your risk. For example, chronic hypertensives have a one in four chance of developing preeclampsia, and if they do develop it, their risk of stroke is probably lessened if they began pregnancy with well-controlled pressures.
Knowing how to access care providers who specialize in medically complicated pregnancies is another sort of awareness. Do you know where the closest NICU is? Do you know how to find a maternal-fetal medicine specialist who conducts research into HELLP syndrome? Do you want to plan to move closer to a particular hospital during your third trimester because of your history and the distance?